Car Engine History



Car Engine History

Today almost all cars use internal combustion engines. A brief description of the history of car engines is given below:


Car engine history dates back to 1680, when Christian Huygens, a Dutch physicist, designed an internal combustion engine, to be fueled with gunpowder.

In 1807, Francois Isaac de Rivaz of Switzerland invented an internal combustion engine: a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen was used for fuel.

In 1858, Jean Joseph √Čtienne Lenoir, a Belgian-born engineer invented a double-acting, electric spark-ignition internal combustion engine fueled by coal gas. In 1860 Lenoir patented it, and in 1863, he invented an improved engine using petroleum and a primitive carburetor.

However, in 1862, a French civil engineer, Alphonse Beau de Rochas, patented (but did not build) a four-stroke engine.

Car engine history received its first single-cylinder engine, when in 1864, Siegfried Marcus, an Austrian engineer, built a single-cylinder engine with a crude carburetor.

In 1866, Eugen Langen and Nikolaus August Otto, German engineers, made improvements in Lenoir's and de Rochas' designs and invented a more efficient gas engine.

In 1873, an American engineer, George Brayton, developed a two-stroke kerosene engine using two external pumping cylinders. Although it was an unsuccessful engine, it was considered the first safe and practical oil engine, marking a new era in car engine history.

In 1876, Nikolaus August Otto invented a successful four-stroke engine, which was later patented and known as the "Otto cycle".

In 1876, Sir Dougald Clerk invented the first successful two-stroke engine.

In 1883, Edouard Delamare-Debouteville, French engineer, built a single-cylinder four-stroke engine that ran on stove gas.

In 1885, Gottlieb Daimler invented the prototype of the modern gas engine, with a vertical cylinder, and with gasoline injected through a carburetor.

In 1886, Karl Benz received the first patent for a gas-fueled car.

However, in 1889, Daimler built an improved four-stroke engine with mushroom-shaped valves and two V-slant cylinders.

And in 1890, Wilhelm Maybach built the first four-cylinder, four-stroke engine, thus culminating car engine history in a fitting end!


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